Somnath Taxi

Mahmud of Ghazni


Ghajini was the most powerful ruler of the kingdom, who in the north-west region of the subcontinent of then India, the current Afghanistan and Pakistan, ruled till their death.

Early Life of Mahmud of Ghazni


Mahmud of Ghazni was born in Gajna district of present-day southeastern Afghanistan on November 2, 971 AD. His father, Subutagin, was a Turkic case, Which laid the foundations of the Ghajini empire. From 994 CE, he was engaged in war campaigns with his father and, in 998 AD, conquered the throne of his father by winning the war of Ghazni.

The beginning of its conquest of India in India<...

Overview

Somnath Taxi

Mahmud of Ghazni


Ghajini was the most powerful ruler of the kingdom, who in the north-west region of the subcontinent of then India, the current Afghanistan and Pakistan, ruled till their death.

Early Life of Mahmud of Ghazni


Mahmud of Ghazni was born in Gajna district of present-day southeastern Afghanistan on November 2, 971 AD. His father, Subutagin, was a Turkic case, Which laid the foundations of the Ghajini empire. From 994 CE, he was engaged in war campaigns with his father and, in 998 AD, conquered the throne of his father by winning the war of Ghazni.

The beginning of its conquest of India in India

The Gajna Mahmud of Ghazni initiated his conquering campaigns in that period in India. When the Rajput power was becoming impaired, Mahmud of Ghazni had two main reasons for attacking India.The first reason was that he had come to know about the hidden wealth in India. And the other wanted to spread Islam in India. Apart from this, he wanted to make his capital, Ghajini the most powerful region in Central Asia with looted wealth. Mahmud of Ghazni now started his conquests in northern India from 1000 AD. Mehmood Ghajnavi had invaded India 17 times till his death. His way in his victory campaigns was King Jaipal And his son had stopped which he had defeated. From 1009 AD to 1026 CE, Mahmood Ghajnavi Kabul, Kannauj, Mathura, Kangra, Thaneswar, Kashmir, Gwalior, Malwa, Bundelkhand, Bengal and Punjab areas were attacked.

17 attacks on India


Mahmud of Ghazni never lost hope in his life. It is said that he always used to attack India on summer days. Ghajini would return with the start of the monsoon. The main reason was that he wanted to avoid the rivers flowing through Punjab. And he feared that his army would not get stuck with those rivers. Unfortunately, the defeat of Jaipal's son Anandpal in the sixth attack. After the death of Jaipal, the son of the Hindushahi empire became his son Anandpal. In 1008, Mahmud Ghajnavi attacked Anandpal. Anandapal sought help from other Hindu kings. Now the army of Ujjain, Gwalior, Kalinjar, Kannauj, Delhi, Ajmer etc. have come with Anandpal. The armies of both of them got together in Peshawar's battlefield. But no one invaded. Mahmud Ghajnavi made his 6,000 archers to attack. Khokro also attacked Muslim invaders and killed 5000 Muslim soldiers.

Looted in the temples of Nagarkot


Nagarkot was famous for his wealth in his temples. Therefore, Mahmud Gajnavi made his next target for Nagarkot. Moving forward like grasshoppers, Garjanavi's army destroyed everything that came in the way. The guards of the city opened the door in fear and surrendered. Gajnavi robbed a lot of jewellery, gold and silver from there. After that, he took back the immense wealth of India's looted capital in its capital.

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Targeted Thanesar Temples


Mahmud had now come to know that there is a lot of money in Hindu temples. So he made his next target in 1014 AD, at Thanesar. The Hindus were ready to negotiate with him but Gajnavi refused his army, destroying the city. The Hindu temples were demolished while causing an unexpected massacre. Attractions from temples of Mathura and Kannauj.When Mahmud Ghaznavi attacked Mathura. Then he was amazed at the magnificence and beauty of the Hindu temples.


After that, in 1019 AD, he attacked Kanauj. King Rajpal Pratyah of Kannauj was unable to face him and ran away. Gajnavi also looted holy temples and killed innocent people. The King of Kannauj accepted the slavery of Mahmud Ghaznavi. When Kannauj King Rajpal Pratyah accepted Ghajnavi's slavery, so other Hindu kings were angry with him. King Rajput Ganda Chandel of Kalinjar, together with the King of Gwalior and other kings.

Attacked Kannauj, killed Rajpal Pratihar


When Gajnavi got the news of this matter, he came to India once again to punish the guilty. And he attacked Kalinjar. Looted Somnath temple with immense wealth assets.The most famous and cruel invasion of Mahmud Ghaznavi was on Somnath Temple in Gujarat. Somnath Temple was too far from Ghajini so his eyesight had not yet taken place on him. Somnath temple was famous for its immense treasure.In that temple 1000 priests used to serve Shivaji.There was a Shivalinga formed by a famous diamond jewel on it which was considered very sacred. In order to save his holy temple, the Hindu Rajput came before Mahmud of Gajnavi.On the other hand, the army of Gajnavi was trying to enter the temple, shouting "Allah-Hu-Akbar". Hindu Rajputs bravely faced invaders and the temple did not allow damage.

Mahmud Ghajnavi death


On April 30, 1030, Mahmud Ghaznavi died at the age of 59. Sultan Mahmud Ghajnavi had malaria during his last invasion.Malaria had worsened his condition so much that he had TB. And in that period, TB was a life-threatening illness that had no cure. The Gajnavi empire lasted 157 years after its death. Most of the Gajnavi empire was later ruled by the Seljul empire. In 1150, Muhammad Ghauri captured Ghazni. This was information from Mahmood Ghajnavi, who had fought 17 times in India but never ruled.

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